Reference types

There are many types of sources, here is the difference between all of them. (There are more differences but this is a start.)

For research papers, you will want to stick primarily with scholarly sources

TypePeer
Reviewed?
Written by who?
For who?
Who publishes?
How often?
Ease of Publishing? Bias?Who is making money?
How?
Suitable for citing?

MonographNoAuthor: Experts
Audience: Other Researchers
Scholarly press
Published once
Hard
Can take years
None to littleAuthor
- book royalties

Publisher
- sales of book
Yes
Thesis/
Dissertation
Sort ofAuthor: A student under the guidance of professors
Audience: Other Researchers
University
Published once
Hard
Can take years
None to littleNo oneYes
TextbookNoAuthor: Experts
Audience: Students
Scholarly or Commercial Press
Published once
Hard
Can take years
None to littleAuthor
- book royalties

Publisher
- sales of book
Yes
Book (non-fiction)NoAuthor: Anyone
Audience: Everyone
Publisher varies
Published once
Depends
None to ExtensiveAuthor
- book royalties

Publisher
- sales of book
Sometimes
Academic JournalYesAuthor: Scientist/Academic
Audience: Other Researchers
Publisher varies
Published a few times a year
Hard
Can take years
None to littleJournal Publisher
- Authors pay a fee to publish
- Audience pays to access unless author pays more
Yes
Trade Journal /
Trade Magazine
NoAuthor: Industry members
Audience: Industry members
Industry Organization
Published Weekly, Monthly, or Quarterly
Depends
None to ExtensiveAuthor
- possibly paid by journal

Publisher
- paid for issue/article by audience
- paid by advertisers
Sometimes
Magazine NoAuthor: Journalists (staff or freelance)
Audience: Everyone
Publisher varies
Published Weekly, Monthly, or Quarterly
Medium
Some to ExtensiveAuthor
- paid if article accepted

Publisher
- paid for issue/article by audience
- paid by advertisers
Sometimes
NewspaperNoAuthor: Staff Journalist
Audience: Everyone
Usually for profit media companies
Published daily to weekly
MediumSome to ExtensiveAuthor
- paid if article accepted

Publisher
- paid for issue/article by audience
- paid by advertisers
Sometimes
EncyclopediaNoAuthor: Varies
Audience: Everyone
Publisher varies
Daily
Easy
Instant (Wiki)
Some to ExtensivePublisher
- from sales (print)
No
News sitesNoAuthor: Varies
Audience: Everyone
Usually for profit media companies
Multiple times a day
MediumSome to ExtensiveAuthor
- paid if article accepted

Publisher
- paid for issue/article by audience
- paid by advertisers for views
Rare
Blog
Website
Social Media
NoAuthor: Anyone
Audience: Everyone
Publisher varies

Usually published regularly (daily, weekly, monthly)
Easiest
Instant
Some to ExtensiveAuthor
- Various sources
- affiliate links
- commission
- product placement
Rare
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